Monday , March 1 2021

Attack on Books: How NASA Survived the ‘Dark Ages’ of the Reagan Era



This week, the Americans celebrated the successful delivery of NASA’s relentless rover to its destination on Mars, ushering in a new era of interplanetary exploration. However, the United States has not always been at the forefront of exploring the solar system around us. For example, during the Reagan administration, we see in this excerpt from David W. Brown’s latest work that the budget was prepared in favor of building arms before the expected Cold War with the Soviet Union. Operation.

Mission coverage

HarperCollins

Excerpt: THE MISSION: Or: a former motocross racer, a member of Congress at the Texas Tea Party, the world’s worst typewriter saleswoman, an anonymous NASA activist who went to war with the people of California Mountains and Mars, how he survived a Saturn Rebellion, trade with Washington Stealing to send a space robot, Europe in an ice world beneath an alien ocean in search of a Second World Park (true story) © 2021 David W. By Brown. A series of books by William Morrow / HarperCollins Publishers from Customs House. Reprint with permission.

For astronomers, Jimmy Carter-Ronald Reagan reconsidered the year as the Dark Ages, and the monks became involved in the symbols of student culture. For the decade beginning in late 1978, NASA did not launch any planetary missions, and the only space data sent back to Earth came from Voyager 1 and 2 flying bicycles in the solar system. Three weeks of data and then three or five years of silence – that is not enough to sustain an entire field of scientific inquiry. The astronomers who oversaw Jupiter’s Voyager discoveries expressed a desire to return to the community, but Reagan wanted to fund the Galileo spacecraft. His administration worked diligently to prevent him from coming to power in 1981. The new president believed he had a mandate to cut down on informal spending, which he was pursuing, and was prepared to snatch your budget if you did not bomb, warships or Black Hawk helicopters. Although NASA’s top tier was good overall, the money largely went to the space shuttle program, which became a flying Liberty statue in the public imagination. However, the shuttle had military applications, including the deployment of spy satellites and the theft of satellites, at least on paper, from foreign governments. However, supply chain robbers will still receive their squeeze from the agency. Before the toner dries on the new presidential letterhead, the White House told the Nazis that Galileo, the Hubble Space Telescope and NASA-European Space Agency’s International Solar Polar Mission could be kept (currently) to study the Sun. Also, the solar pole was lost. The Europeans had invested more than a hundred million dollars in it, and the Americans thanked them for leaving without warning, and the Europeans disappeared. Evaporation continued with Venus orbiting image radar, the spacecraft VOIR. This cancellation was also weak. If the abandonment of the solar pole is an uninvited affair with American allies abroad, then Venus cancel minimum This is a rough gesture that suggests the same to home planetary scientists.

But how that Galileo operation caused trouble and anger to the White House. How did the administration want to kill this huge half billion dollar massacre! This quest to Jupiter. . . We – we like Was there With Voyager! Why did we talk about this? Therefore, the Office of Management and Budget was zero according to the provisional plan for Galileo. Concerning Voyager, the dual spacecraft: However, what exactly was there to learn about the planets that passed Saturn? Uranus! Neptune! Does it matter? I said, come on! Issue the shutdown command, then we can deactivate the deep space network that created this devil. That’s $ 222 million in one night. Between Galileo and Voyager we can cut costs by half a billion.

The sinking ship began to be swept away by the public to somehow save even outsiders. At one point, Stan Kent, an engineer in California, created what he called the Viking Fund. It is a personal, standard effort to cover costs. For the downlink time in the deep space network for Viking 1, the last spacecraft left on the surface of Mars. Donate now to feed a hungry robot Send 30 checks to 3033 Moore Park Ave. # 27, San Jose, CA 95128. The Viking program was once the pinnacle of NASA’s space science, the most ambitious agency effort since the Apollo program, and when conceived, the future precursor of Apollo’s clear heir: manned missions to Mars.

From 1965 to 1976, NASA maintained a continuous sequence of explorations of Mars. Mariner 4, flying in 1965, was mankind’s first successful encounter with the Red Planet. Four years later, sailors 6 and 7 followed, sewing together images depicting the entire disk of Mars, revealing a planet that actually rotates like Earth. In 1971, Mariner 9, the first spacecraft to orbit another planet, mapped Mars at high resolution and captured dust storms and weather patterns. Like the unfolding lines in Genesis, every spaceship in sequence made Mars as real a world as ours. When the Viking Landers left the launch pads at Cape Canaveral in 1975, there was no hope for the alien student cults, but some kind of flora and fauna were still on the table. The final question is the same question that has perplexed fiction and science scientists for centuries. What do those Martian wildlife look like?

The American space program has inevitably orbited Mars. Before The eagle The first sailor before Sputnik landed before the cosmo, tycoon or astronomerIt was there even before NASA was formed Mars Project, German rocket science ist Werner von Brown’s speculative fiction migrated to the United States immediately after World War II. Just a thought experiment or a fancy flight, no ray guns, no saucer – the conspiracy was a thin cover of how to do it and the person most likely to do it is the author. Von Brown wrote Mars Project After completing repairs to his new American Host V-2 rocket in 1948, it was a ballistic missile that helped him develop during the war. The book was later removed from its fiction and republished as a nine-page article in the April 30, 1954 issue. Colliers Weekly, It is then the most popular and prestigious magazine in the United States. The first serious study of how to reach Mars, von Brown’s plan included a space center and a number of reusable rockets and shuttles, and a crew of seventy was required to stay on Mars. Arriving astronauts (well, “astronauts” –Astronauts Not yet discovered) will enter orbit and form suitable locations for the human coastline. (He did not talk about robotic exploration because digital, programmable robots have not yet been discovered.)

For Von Brown, Mars has always been the plan, the moon was just a point, and fourteen years later, when Armstrong jumped from the bottom of the lunar lander ladder, he went there with Von Brown’s Saturn V rocket. He (i.e., von Brown) was then the director of the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. He is, in fact, the “father of the American space program” and a lesser known figure. He appeared on a television show in the 1950s many years ago DisneylandThe concept of robust, reliable rockets, lunar missiles, and Martian colonies sold forty million Americans. By the time the show aired, Yuri Gagarin was still an obscure pilot in the Soviet Air Force and Alan Shepherd was a test pilot in Maryland. As far as Americans were even aware of US space aspirations, it was Von Brown selling Mars missions with Walt Disney. He had been working on this for a long time.

Not surprisingly, two weeks after American silicone soles were printed on the fresh moonstone, von Brown entered Spiro Agnew’s office and slammed the Vice President’s desk into the next natural frontier of American exploration, the Red Planet. The fifty-page presentation – the definitive plan to make mankind multitasking – represented the culmination of Von Brown’s life work. His prescription included many of the elements he proposed decades ago: rockets, shuttles, stations – even a nuclear-powered spacecraft.

Unfortunately for Von Brown, the existing forces in Congress and the White House were quick to see the Apollo program as a target. It’s an early milestone in something bigger than he expected. You did not build the Hoover Dam… Then the politicians said to build another Hoover Dam. We set a goal, and by God we did it. Why even have a NASA? The White House thought aloud. By Apollo 15, 1971, opinion polls showed that public support for space spending was about 23 percent, while sixty-six percent said it was too expensive. There is no national political price for the complete closure of Cape Canaveral. Really, what did we do there?

Nevertheless, von Brown’s series of space missions, the culmination of Mars exploration, have been so defined by NASA that it has severely affected the system. Nixon, who had zero interest in the space program but had zero interest in being the one who completed it, enjoyed the space shuttle element only to the fullest because it could be 1. those spy satellite applications and 2. Palm Dale’s major construction project. In California, he will retain his homeland during the next presidential election. So it was a California-made, satellite-stealing spaceship! NASA lived to fly another day.


Source link