Saturday , April 17 2021

Are you born in the summer? You can develop shortness


Born in the summer and hours associated with computer games at a higher risk of developing short or close shortness (myopia) in childhood, suggests a study of twins, published in the digital edition of the British Journal of Ophthalmology. But fertility treatments can be protective, the results show.

Million is defined as a refractive error, which means that the eye can not properly focus on the light, which causes objects nearby to be clean, but distant objects look blurry. It can be corrected with glasses, laser surgery or contact lenses, but the condition is associated with an increased risk of visual deterioration and loss of vision in later life.

And this is a disease that is becoming more and more common: It is likely that 2050 will affect 4,000 758 million people worldwide, compared to 1,950 million in 2010. It is believed that genes play a role in the disorder but do not fully explain the increasing frequency. Given the rapid development of early-life eyes, the researchers wanted to explore possible factors contributing to the environment during the life cycle.

These experts studied 1991 twins at age 16.7. All twins were born between 1994 and 1996 in the UK, and participated in the Early Twinning Twinning Study (TEDS).

The ophthalmologists gave information about eye exam for myopia, and researchers analyzed demographic, social, economic, educational and behavioral factors in married couples when these children were 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16 , to catch critical phases of child and eye development.

Parents and teachers completed detailed questionnaires and twins conducted web assessments to provide a wide range of potentially relevant information and backgrounds about factors that could affect early life development.

The average age of children with myopia began wearing glasses to correct the condition was 11 years, About one in 20 (5.4 percent) had "lazy eye" (amblyopia) and a similar share (almost 4.5 percent) had strabism. Overall, one in four (26 percent) of twins was short-lived.

The factors that were most commonly associated with the development of shortness at different time points were the educational success of mothers (university or postgraduate), hours dedicated to computer games and birth during the summer. The hours spent playing computer games can not only be linked to close-knit work but also to a shorter outdoor time, a factor previously associated with an increased risk of shortness.

The level of education is also associated with myopia, and like begins a child in the United Kingdom, born in the summer months A school younger than those born during the winter months, scientists suggest that this close work can speed up the growth of the eye, which is responsible for the shortness of time.


levels higher household income and intelligence measurements, Specifically, verbal skills scores were associated with greater risk, but to a lesser extent. Fertility treatment seemed to protect from shortness and associated with 25-30 percent lower risk.

Researchers, members of the Department of Academic Ophthalmology at King's College London, London, United Kingdom, speculate that children born as a result of fertility treatment are often born less and a little too early and may have some level of postponed development, which might explain a shorter eye length and less shortness of breath.

However, it is an observational study, and as such, can not determine the cause, the researchers say, pointing out that future research can be able to analyze the interaction between genetic sensitivity and environmental impact.

With information from EuropaPress


Source link