Bisnis.com, JAKARTA – Numerous nutrition experts point out that until now there is no scientific evidence that sweetened condensed milk (SKM) causes various diseases such as obesity and diabetes. Various non-infectious diseases are generally caused by many factors.
Ir. Achmad Syafiq MSc. PhD, chair of the University of Indonesia, the Nutrition and Health Studies Center, explained convincing evidence of obesity, low body activity, low fiber intake, and high total daily intake of energy. "So it's not one kind of food," Syafiq told reporters in Jakarta on Thursday (11/8).
Different research results show that the cause of obesity in children at school is not due to the consumption of risky foods (sugar, salt, fat, preservatives), but lack of physical activity. Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2018 notes, based on blood sugar testing, diabetes mellitus increased from 6.9% to 8.5%. This increase in frequency refers to lifestyle, including smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages, physical activity, and consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Public Health Foundation (YPKP) Researchers Dr. Sc. DRG. Amaliya said that it is worth appreciating the efforts of the Government to overcome the various problems of undernourishment in Indonesia. Riskesdas 2018 has shown an improvement in the baby's food status in Indonesia. The share of very short and short nutritional status declined from 37.2% (Riskesdas 2013) to 30.8%. Likewise, the share of malnutrition and malnutrition decreased from 19.6% (Riskesdas 2013) to 17.7%.
According to him, it is very important for all interested parties to unite and work together to overcome food problems in Indonesia. One of them is the increase in milk consumption in daily life. Milk and its processed products contain the proteins, fats and vitamins needed to support the development of the person at every stage of life. However, milk consumption in Indonesia is still very low. The Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) notes that Indonesian consumption of milk in 2017 is only about 16.5 liters / head by year, very low compared to other ASEAN countries, according to the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service data of 2016 as Malaysia (50.9 liters), Thailand (33.7 liters) and Philippines (22.1 liters).
So far, one of the main reasons for consuming milk in the community is sweet condensed milk. However, the views of some parties regarding sweetened condensed milk, especially regarding sugar and milk content, are still incorrect, causing controversy. In order to correct various differences in opinion, the Chief Food and Drug Administration (BPOM) has issued Regulation (Perka) No. 31 of 2018 on processed food labels. This decree requires the label for sweetened condensed milk to include information "Please note: Do not replace breast milk; Not suitable for babies up to 12 months and can not be used as the sole source of nutrition".
Regulation 31/2018 also confirms sweet condensed milk as a dairy product, in accordance with BPOM Head Regula- tion No. 21 of 2016 relating to the food category. "The regulation concludes that sweetened condensed milk is milk and its consumption should pay attention to BPOM rules," Amaliya said.
Director of BPOM Observed Food Registration Anisyah, S. S., Apt., M.P. We hope that issuing Perka BPOM 31/2018 will answer various community issues. According to Perki, sweetened condensed milk is a dairy product that can be consumed to improve the Indonesian diet. However, like other processed foods, sweetened condensed milk can not be the only source of nutrition. Therefore, each processed food must be accompanied by other sources of nutrition in order to be balanced.
"We, as a part of the Government, have the role and responsibility to ensure the effectiveness of national food control systems, one of which is through supervision, in this case, the assessment and verification of the food safety system applied by the industry," said Anisyah.