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Middle East: The Arab world turns from literacy to Middle East



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A recently published report by the Malaysian Research Center, the Iranian Parliament's Research Unit, shows that nine million people in Iran suffer from absolute illiteracy. The Arab world is facing similar challenges.

The "Arab Challenge Challenge" launched by the United Arab Emirates in 2015 will tell Arabian children to read a 6-minute period once a year, as an initial step in establishing the culture of reading read by the 2011 Arabic Foundation Foundation. Minutes west.

The Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization has also focused on reading and reading countries and countries.

Statistics from the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) show that the adult literacy rate for adults over the age of 15 is about 75 percent, while the world's 86 percent drops to 11 percent from the global level. The World Bank's literacy rate in the Middle East and North Africa is 80% and is slightly generous.

According to Randy Corporation's senior policy researcher Shelly Culbertson, the numbers should be found in a relative and backward manner.

The contemporary literacy rate in the 1970s was around 45%. Today it is 80%, "she said.
Before independence from the colonial powers, European rulers in many countries have been able to reduce access to formal and informal education for European settlers. Since independence from 1920 to 1970, many good countries have established new public education systems.

This is the UNESCO aged literacy rate (65 years and older). It is a global average of 78%, compared to 38% in the region.

"The elderly generation has not received any education, especially women and rural people, and youth in the region are literally literate." The Alliance Line (Director) for Cultural Heritage Restoration (Director), Cheryl Benard.

In view of the literacy rate of the age of 15-24, for young people from UNESCO, this disproportion is greatly reduced. In Arab states it is 87%, a global average of 91%.

However, with the uninstalled educational systems and the subsequent advancement, experts say improvements will be made.

"In North Africa, there is not enough reform, it is universal but weak," said Professor Steven Heimann, professor at Tennessee University's Wenbibele University's international education policy, "the higher education in Egypt is overflowing and the staff is not exhausted."

Mr. Culbertson said: "State schools lack lingering resources and their private schoolmates, so private education is more abundant in the Western universe."

Himein says that in the Gulf oil countries, which have a capital investment for education, silver can be found in this region.

According to the World Bank, the significant demographic changes and profiles of the MENA region pose a significant challenge to education. In the year 2000, from about 100 million to 380 million people, about 380 million people, about 50 million, had been living for nearly four years. Other regions of the world have not grown rapidly.

In addition, he is on the verge of a special "teenager" who is under pressure from the educational system in the region. Nearly two-thirds of people in the Middle East and North Africa are under the age of 30, according to the World Bank. The percentage of young people over the decades has been relatively high in other areas.

"Schools in the region are one of the biggest challenges – this large population has grown into a twin-shifted school system, one in the morning, the other in the afternoon, but you need to add school days for children to get high schooling No, children will get two thirds of their schooling, and Culbertson says they will be taken elsewhere.
Also children in the Zone are not provided with pre-school education. Around 28% of pre-school enrollment rates are the lowest in the world. It is 44 percent of the world's population, followed by Saharan Africa (22 percent) and South Asia (18 percent).

Ruk international Benard said. "As far as I know, pre-schools are not the Middle East in the Middle East, it's partly a financial issue; if you have a comprehensive family that can care for small children, you will not pay for pre-school, so pre-school programs will not be installed."
Hinemonne further commented: "The government's role in education begins at the age of six, so the pre-school can be seen luxurious."

Another issue is that Lingua Franca was not in the modern Arabic Arabic world. But children have learned school education.

"The problem of learning Arabic is the popular language of most children's children and directly involves learning." Oxydes' professor of education psychology Katy Silva told the journalist.

Aamiya, or spoken Arab, has a number of dialingu dialects between even countries. Orthodox or Traditional Arabic -Fusha -Al Qur'an is used as an academic, such as language, newspaper, literature, and other formal processes. It has significant differences with various popularities such as words, dictionaries, pronunciation and grammar.
Haemannen explained: "Illinois schools have to start school in all Latin-speaking Latin, as in the case of children in Arab-speaking countries."

According to a hypothesis read as a reading of readiness – According to Silva, reading on a capital view on how people reads is based on two independent functions. That is, decoding is a process for identifying the symbols of the text. A comprehension, understanding and understanding of the reader's knowledge in the upper-lower process.

As Silva says, "If the reader is confronted with the text that is very clearly seen, it is essential for the word language .If you do not understand the language, the phonetic skills will not do a damning reading to you. If you do not know what pineapple is, the word" pineapple " You can not read. "

Therefore, an inequality between her conversational and grammatical languages ​​is extremely difficult, and stresses that parental participation is important in implementing a reading culture.

Even if there is no early registration in Early Childhood Education, families do not start "home reading" in the Mine region.

"Western parents will sit down and read with their children [in the Middle East]"Shellerson, an English consultant in the United Arab Emirates' high-tech college, said to the journalist:" They regard entertainment as an educational activity. Anything, the story is a culture with a culture, but they need to learn more about how to read at home; It starts with this. "

Regional governments often emphasize the importance of education. But the back page is still not finished.

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