BRATISLAVA, Nov. 8 (WebNoviny.sk) – Low inoculation of a society is endangering its health and can not only lead to unnecessary illness but death. Reducing the population coverage by vaccination can cause recovery of the disease from which it was previously protected.
Removing the disease
Otherwise, when the coverage is stable and high, the disease is reduced and, in some cases, it can completely disappear. Despite the success of vaccination efforts every year, 1.5 million people die of diseases that prevent vaccination.
Since the introduction of vaccination, the expected life expectancy has increased for 15 to 25 years and is expected to increase further. Evidence suggests that vaccination is a major contributor to disease, which is now able to prevent more infectious diseases. Effective disease control and eradication programs have been shown to have mass vaccination programs.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), vaccines will be the most important tool to reduce the high morbidity and mortality associated with flu pandemics that inflicts around 3.5 million people annually, resulting in the deaths of up to 650,000 people. In 1990 infectious diseases accounted for 33 percent of all deaths, in 2010, only 25 percent.
The vaccine is also among the most accessible healthcare investments. Reduce the economic burden on society of infectious diseases and reduce, for example, pressure on health systems.
Vaccination prevents the transmission and spread of contagious diseases in society and can provide collective protection for people who can not be vaccinated, such as too young children, people with impaired immune system or severe patients.
Vaccination is also required against non-occurring diseases. Any reduction in vaccination reduces the effect of collective protection and increases the risk of epidemics. An example of vaccine reduction is, for example, this year's epidemic of Eastern measles in Eastern Slovakia.
In Slovakia, mandatory and optional vaccination is available. The first category includes the vaccination of children against diphtheria, tetanus, black cough, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B virus and hemophilic invasive infections, measles, mumps and rubella.
It is also mandatory to vaccinate adults against diphtheria and tetanus. Obligatory vaccination, aimed at preventing infectious diseases that can be prevented from being vaccinated, is available to all children in Slovakia and is covered by public health insurance.
Parents who do not prove serious cases to a serious healthcare professional or other doctors and refuse to compulsory child vaccination will face a fine of EUR 331. Optional vaccination includes thirteen other illnesses, four of which are vaccines.
Vaccination is also important for pregnant women. Before pregnancy, women should be subjected to all mandatory vaccination. Live vaccines that contain attenuated viral or bacterial particles should be allowed to cleave at the latest one month before planned pregnancy, and vaccination against sheep bark is most important if a woman does not survive.
Inactive vaccines, with killed viral or bacterial particles, may also be given immediately before pregnancy and, if necessary, during pregnancy. Each pregnant woman should be vaccinated against flu (from October to December) and diphtheria, tetanus and black cough (28-37 weeks of pregnancy).
Importance for mother and baby is vaccinated even after birth, and it is also safe to vaccinate even if a woman is suffocating. The inoculated mother reduces the risk of infection with her baby. A woman who has not vaccinated against tetanus, diphtheria and black cough during pregnancy should immediately be inoculated after birth if she has not been vaccinated for the last five years.
Pregnancy complications can cause flu, for example. Direct transmission of flu from mother to fetus during pregnancy is, for example, the cause of miscarriage in the first trimester. Flu viruses cause neuronal tube and uterus scans that are also associated with four times the incidence of fetal tumors. Mothers with an infected gland are lagging behind their children.
Vaccination is also mandatory in selected breeds. For example, doctors, laboratory workers or asylum seekers, including epidemics, soldiers, prison guards and court guards or hepatitis fire brigades are being vaccinated. Against hepatitis B, teachers in health care, social work and family, municipalities or social care.
Risk of infection
Workers of virological laboratories working with rabies, remedial plants and blades must be allowed to break off rabies. Testicular brain inflammation must be subjected to vaccination by staff of virological laboratories working with sputum virus.
Mandatory vaccinations must also cover groups of people who are or have been exposed to increased risk of infection. For example, people who have come into contact with patients with tuberculosis, meningitis or viral hepatitis A, people living with a person suffering from hepatitis B and people who have come into contact with the animal. In the homes of social services, it is mandatory to be vaccinated against pneumococcal infections.
SITA's information was provided by Erika Zimanov from Accelerate.